... rather than trusting the intuitive nature of Self and the karma of our own evolutionary heritage. In effect, we have cut ourselves off from the rest of the natural world.

Rational knowledge has become a complex system of abstract concepts characterized by a linear, sequential structure which typifies our thinking and speaking. Our intellect is then built upon discrimination, division, comparison, measurement, and categorization. Non-causal or irrational events are incomprehensible using these methods and therefore we can not adequately describe the fourth-dimension reality in which we live.

The old paradigm was not only the source of today's intellectual process, but was also comprised of values and ideas that we have found in recent decades to be severely limited and in need of radical revision. 2 These ideas include the view of the universe as a mechanical system composed of elementary building blocks, the view of the human body as a machine, the view of life as a competitive struggle for existence, the belief in unlimited material progress to be achieved through economic and technological growth, and the belief that an understanding of nature implies domination of nature by humans.6

This last outmoded belief is a connection between the mechanistic world view in science and the patriarchal value system, the male tendency to want to control everything. This connection is personified by Francis Bacon in the seventeenth century when he said that nature has to be "hounded in her wanderings", "bound into service" and made a "slave". "She is to be put in constraints," and the aim of the scientists is to "torture nature's secrets from her." This might also help explain the attitude in our society which assumes it is "only natural" for the female to be everywhere subsumed under the male. Before Francis Bacon in the seventeenth century, the goals of science were wisdom, understanding the natural order, and living in harmony with it. 32 Ever since Bacon, science and technology have attempted to control nature in dangerous, harmful, and anti-ecological ways. Vaclav Havel, president of the Czech Republic once said, "We treat the fatal consequences of technology as though there were a technical defect that could only be remedied by technology alone. We're looking for an objective way out of a crisis of objectivism".